Indian history is replete with great patriotic songs. One such song is “Saare Jahan Se Achchha”. Along with “Vande Maataram” and “Jana Gana Mana”, “Sare Jahan Se Achchha” has become most famous Indian patriotic song. It must be one of the most enduring patriotic poems of the Urdu language. The song was written by Urdu Poet Muhammad Iqbal. Originally written for children, the poem was first published in the weekly journal Ittehad. The date was 16 August 1904 and soon enough it became a nationwide phenomenon. The song was an ode to Hindustan. During that time, Hindustan comprised of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh.
Since the 1930s, numerous laws have been introduced banning child work and encouraging education in the country. A 2009 act requiring all children between the ages of 6 and 14 to attend school is one example. In July, the Indian Parliament passed an amendment to existing child labor legislation that imposed a widespread ban on children under 14 working and increased penalties for employers. It also contained a measure allowing children to work in family businesses which, critics say, de facto legalizes much of the child labor across India’s villages.
The report also says that international economic trends also have increased child labor in poor countries. “During the 1980s, in many developing countries, government indebtedness, unwise internal economic policies and recession resulted in economic crisis. Structural adjustment programmes in many countries accentuated cuts in social spending that have hit the poor disproportionately. ” Although structural adjustment programs are being revised to spare education from deep cuts, the report says, some countries make such cuts anyway because of their own, local priorities. In many countries public education has deteriorated so much, the report declared, that education itself has become part of the problem — because children work to avoid going to school. This conclusion is supported by the work of many social scientists, according to Jo Boyden, Birgitta Ling, and William Myers, who conducted a literature search for their 1998 book, What Works for Working Children (Stockholm: Radda Barnen, Unicef, 1998) .