Alcohol abuse and addiction are serious medical conditions that require treatment by chemical dependency specialists. Abruptly stopping alcohol consumption after extended use can result in serious medical complications, including death. Detoxification from alcohol dependence should not be attempted at home or without direction and supervision from a medical doctor. If you or your loved one are concerned you may be experiencing symptoms of alcohol withdrawal and are not under a physician’s care, call 911 for emergency assistance.
Various studies have found that MDMA use is associated with risky sexual behaviors. For example, both males and females who use MDMA are more likely than alcohol-drinking controls to engage in risky sexual behaviors (., without a condom). 85 MDMA use within the past 6 months is associated with initiating sex before age 14 and having two or more partners in the past 2 months. 86 In addition, people who use heavily report more sexual risk taking than those who use less often. People who use heavily are also more likely to have been tested for HIV, though they believe they are at low risk for contracting the disease. 87