Longer essays may also contain an introductory page that defines words and phrases of the essay's topic. Most academic institutions require that all substantial facts, quotations, and other porting material in an essay be referenced in a bibliography or works cited page at the end of the text. This scholarly convention helps others (whether teachers or fellow scholars) to understand the basis of facts and quotations the author uses to support the essay's argument and helps readers evaluate to what extent the argument is supported by evidence, and to evaluate the quality of that evidence. The academic essay tests the student's ability to present their thoughts in an organized way and is designed to test their intellectual capabilities.
Although time management skills are essential for nearly all adults, these skills are particularly important for adult learners because they are attempting to balance more things than most average adults. There are also a constantly growing number of adult learners as more adults are deciding to go back to school to pursue a different career path. According to J. Cornelissen, the number of active military personnel going to school online has increased as they are preparing themselves for life after the military. Adult education is often long-term since adults are balancing classes along with work and family. It makes the process of earning a degree significantly longer, and the need for effective time management skills ever more important.