Interest in and collecting of oral literature in North America was spurred by Henry Schoolcraft's 1839 Algic Researches on the Ojibway , a collection of stories and short pieces. A number of non-Indian (and a few Indian) authors and historians also published examples of the oral literature and explanations of in their writings (non-fiction, fiction and poetry; the many periodicals of the time period played an important role in dissemination of this type of writing to a general audience). The later part of the nineteenth century and the early twentieth saw systematic study of elements of American Indian culture, including its literature. Contemporary Indian and non-Indian scholars note the following problems with these collected stories:
Because of repression during the Franco dictatorship (1939–75), the development of oral history in Spain was quite limited until the 1970s. It became well-developed in the early 1980s, and often had a focus on the Civil War years (1936–39), especially regarding the losers whose stories had been suppressed. The field was based at the University of Barcelona. Professor Mercedes Vilanova was a leading exponent, and combined it with her interest in quantification and social history. The Barcelona group sought to integrate oral sources with traditional written sources to create mainstream, not ghettoized, historical interpretations. They sought to give a public voice to neglected groups, such as women, illiterates, political leftists, and ethnic minorities. 
The Motion Picture Editors Guild was founded in 1937 to set the standard for excellence in the post-production industry. They presently represent over 7,300 freelance and staff post-production professionals working as Sound and Picture Editing, Sound Engineering, Foley Artists, Laboratory workers, and Story Analysis. Part of Local 700 of the International Alliance of the Theatrical Stage Employees (IATSE), they are partnered with 500 affiliated locals in the United States and Canada, with a total membership of over 110,000. The Motion Picture Editors Guild Legacy Archive is a collection of interviews focusing on the life and career history of its members. The project began recording in 2007 and currently has almost 100 visual history interviews, with a growing number of interviews each year. Participants are interviewed by members of the board, peers or family members who also work in the field. Some examples are Stanley Franzen, Mia Goldman, Charles Campbell, Lynzee Klingman, Donn Cambern, and Dede Allen.