Assertive community treatment (ACT) is a model of mental health services delivery that provides comprehensive, individualized care at the community level. ACT programs aim to provide mentally ill patients with treatment, rehabilitative, and support services in order to improve their ability to live independently . ACT services include medication delivery, individual therapy, crisis and hospital services, substance abuse therapy, rehabilitative services , supported housing and transportation, and skill teaching to family members. ACT programs are usually designed for individuals living with severe mental illness who have trouble functioning independently in society. As of 2011, ACT programs were available statewide in six states, and nineteen states had implemented at least one ACT pilot program.