What is cause and effect essay

For nonexperimental data, causal direction can often be inferred if information about time is available. This is because (according to many, though not all, theories) causes must precede their effects temporally. This can be determined by statistical time series models, for instance, or with a statistical test based on the idea of Granger causality , or by direct experimental manipulation. The use of temporal data can permit statistical tests of a pre-existing theory of causal direction. For instance, our degree of confidence in the direction and nature of causality is much greater when supported by cross-correlations , ARIMA models, or cross-spectral analysis using vector time series data than by cross-sectional data .

True or false: Restless leg syndrome (RLS) is caused by an airborne virus. \n", "explanation": "RLS has been linked to drugs that block dopamine, a key chemical messenger in the brain. Iron deficiency is also a risk factor for RLS.", "hint": "", "answers": { "answer0": { "isRight": "wrong", "answerText": "True" }, "answer1": { "isRight": "right", "answerText": "False" } } }, "quest1": { "imageBrowse": "", "imageCaption": "", "imageCredit": "", "question": " \n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n \n True or false: Older adults generally tolerate first-generation antihistamines, such as Chlor-Trimeton, better than newer antihistamines, like Zyrtec. \n", "explanation": "Older adults should avoid the use of first-generation antihistamines, which can cause confusion, dry mouth and constipation, as well as memory loss.", "hint": "", "answers": { "answer0": { "isRight": "wrong", "answerText": "True" }, "answer1": { "isRight": "right", "answerText": "False" } } }, "quest2": { "imageBrowse": "", "imageCaption": "", "imageCredit": "", "question": " Benzodiazepines such as Valium and Ativan cause memory loss by: \n", "explanation": "These drugs also are highly addicting \u2014 another good reason why health care professionals say they should be prescribed in older adults only rarely.", "hint": "http:///health/drugs-supplements/info-12-2012/ativan-addiction-armon-", "answers": { "answer0": { "isRight": "right", "answerText": "Interfering with the transfer of events from short- to long-term memory" }, "answer1": { "isRight": "wrong", "answerText": "Preventing sleep, which is crucial for learning and memory" }, "answer2": { "isRight": "wrong", "answerText": "Making you more distractible" }, "answer3": { "isRight": "wrong", "answerText": "Lowering healthy levels of liver enzymes" } } } }' data-trivialanguage='{ "question": "Question", "of": "of", "next": "Next Question", "checkanswer": "Check Answer", "results": "Get Results", "right": "Right", "wrong": "Wrong", "incorrect": "INCORRECT", "correct": "CORRECT", "score": "Score", "youanswered": "You answered [X] out of [N] questions correctly.", "youranswer": "Your Answer", "yourresults": "Your Results", "correctanswer": "Correct Answer", "print": "Print", "hint": "Hint", "challenge": "Challenge a Friend", "share": "Share Your Score", "take": "Take Another Quiz" }' data-triviamore='{ "en": "/entertainment/leisure-activities/aarp-quizzes", "es": "/espanol/entretenimiento/Trivias" }'> (Video) Doctors Urge Caution on Statin Use: Side effects including fatigue, memory loss and diabetes may have been understated.

What is cause and effect essay

what is cause and effect essay


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